Glossary of Dharma Terms

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Synonyms

Appreciative Joy

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Mudita

/

Mudita

sympathetic or vicarious joy, unselfish, abundant joy

Arising/Passing

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Samudaya/Vaya

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Attachment

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Upadana

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grasping, clinging

Attention

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Manasikara

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Averice

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Macchariya

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Matsarya

stinginess, miserliness

Aversion/Hatred

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Dosa

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Dvesha

repulsion, anger

Awakening

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Nibbana

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Nirvana

liberation, freedom, quenching

Bare Knowledge & Continuous Mindfulness

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Nanamattaya/Patissatimattaya

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Becoming/Existance

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Bhava

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Bhava

being, worldly existence, becoming, birth, be, production, origin

Benefit All Beings

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Bodhisattva

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Bodhisattva

Birth

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Jati

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Jati

arising, coming up

Body

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Kaya

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Trikaya

Buddha Nature

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tathagatagarbha

/

tathagatagarbha

Clear Knowing

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Sampajanna

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Samprajanya

continuity, clear comprehension, full awareness, attention, consideration, discrimination, comprehension, introspection

Clinging

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Upadana

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attachment, grasping

Compassion

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Karuna

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Conceit

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Mana

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pride, comparison

Concentration

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Samadhi

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Samadhi

integrated, absorption, perfect balance

Conscience/Fear of Wrong Doing

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Ottappa

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Apatrapya

Consciousness

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Vinnana

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Vijnana

life-force, mind, discernment

Contact

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Phassa

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Sparsa

touching, sensation, sense impression

Craving/Desire

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Taṇha

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Trsna

desire, thirst, longing, greed

Delusion

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Moha

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Moha

delusion, confusion, dullness

Dependent Origination

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Paticcasamuppada

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Pratiyasamutpada

dependent arising

Desire/Zeal

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Chanda

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Chanda

intention, interest, desire to act

Development

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Samadhi

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Dharma

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Dhamma

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Dharma

Discrimination

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Vimamsa

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Disenchantment

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Nibbida

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Doubt

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Vicikiccha

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Vicikitsa

indecision, wrong uncertainty, indecisiveness, suspicion

Dukkha

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Dukkha

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Dukkha

discontentment, suffering, unhappiness, pain, unsatisfactoriness, stress

Emancipation

/

Vimutti

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Moksha

liberation, release, deliverance, freedom

Emptiness

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Sunnata

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Sunyata

voidness, hollow, vacuity

Energy

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Viriya

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Viriya

diligence, effort, perseverance, persistance, enthusiasm

Envy

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Issa

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jealousy

Equinimity

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Upekkha

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Upeksa

non-judgmental, non-reactive, evenness of mind, unshakable, stability

Faith

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Saddha

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Sraddha

commitment, trust, confidence

Fearless of Wrong Doing

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Anottappa

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Anapatrapya

lack of appropriateness, disregard

Feeling

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Vedana

/

Vedana

sensation, feeling tone

Formations

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Sankhara

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Samskara

Four Noble Truths

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Cattāri ariyasaccāni

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Catvari aryasatyani

Generosity

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Dana

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Dana

Giving, Charity

Great Compassion

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Karuna

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Karuna

benevolence, spiritual longing

Great Wisdom

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Panna

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Prajna

intelligence, understanding, insight, non-discriminating knowledge, intuitive apprehension

Greed

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Lobha

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Raga

lust, desire, craving, attachment to a sensory object

Happiness

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Sukha

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Sukha

pleasure, ease, joy, bliss, well-being

Impermanence

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Anicca

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Anitya

transient, evanescent, inconstant

Independent & Without Clinging

/

Anissito Ca Viharati, Na Ca Kinci Loke Upadiyati

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Internal/External

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Aijhatta/Bahiddha

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Investigation

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Vicaya

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Pravicaya

Joy

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Piti

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Priti

Karma

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Kamma

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Karma

deed, work, action, act

Life Faculty

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Jivitindriya

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Lightness

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Lahuta

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Loving-Kindness

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Metta

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Maitri

friendliness, benevolence, good-will

Malleability

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Muduta

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non-resistance

Mental Proliferation

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Papanca

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Prapanca

conceptual elaboration

Mind

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Citta

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Citta

heart-mind

Mind & Form

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Nama-Rupa

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Namarupa

Mind Inclined to Awakening

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Bodhicitta

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desire, enlightenment-mind, the thought of awakening

Mindfulness

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Sati

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Smriti

awareness, to remember, recollect, bear in mind

Non-aversion

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Adosa

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Advesha

non-agression, non-hatred, non-anger

Non-greed

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Alobha

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Alobha

non-attachment

Not-Self

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Anatta

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Anatman

egolessness, impersonality

One-pointedness

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Ekaggata

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Patience

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Khanti

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Ksanti

forbearance, composure, endurance, fortitude

Perception

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Sanna

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Samjna

cognition, recognition

Proficiency

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Pagunnata

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experience, cleverness

Rectitude

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Ujukata

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integrity, uprightness, straightforward

Renunciation

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Nekkhamma

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Naiṣkramya

letting go, non-attachment

Restlessness

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Uddhacca

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Auddhatya

agitated, excited, unsettled

Right Action

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Samma Kammanta

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Right Concentration

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Samma Samadhi

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Right Effort

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Samma Vayama

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Right Intention

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Samma Sankappa

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Right Lifestyle

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Samma Ajiva

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Right Mindfulness

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Samma Satti

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Right Speech

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Sammavaca

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Right View

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Samma Ditthi

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Sangha

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Sangha

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Sangha

community, association, company

Shame/Modesty

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Hiri

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Hri

self-respect, conscientiousness

Shamelessness

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Ahirika

/

Ahirika

lack of shame, lack of conscience

Sila

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Panna

/

morality, virtue, ethics

Six-Senses & Objects

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Salayatana

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Ayatana

organs, gates, doors, powers or roots, sense base, sense-media, sense sphere

Sloth

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Thina

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Thina

sluggish, dull, drowsy

Spiritual Urgency

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Samvega

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determination, resolution, shock, dismay

Torpor

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Middha

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Middha

unwieldiness, drowsiness, lethargy

Tranquility

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Passaddhi

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Prasrabhi

calmness, repose, serenity

Truthfulness

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Sacca

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Satya

real, true, correct

Volition

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Cetana

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Volition/Intention

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Cetana

/

Cetana

directionality, preference, deliberation

Wieldiness

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Kammannata

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workableness

Wisdom

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Panna

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Worry/Regret

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Kukkucca

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Kaukritya

remorse, sorrow

Wrong View

/

Ditthi

/

Drsti