Dukkha refers to the habitual experience of mundane life as fundamentally unsatisfactory and painful. It refers to anything that is uneasy, uncomfortable, unpleasant, difficult, causing pain or sadness.
The word is commonly explained as a derivation from Aryan terminology for an axle hole, referring to an axle hole which is not in the center and leads to a bumpy, uncomfortable ride.
It is the first of the Four Noble Truths and one of the Three Seals (Marks of Existence).
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