The collection of teachings believed to be among the earliest surviving written records of what the Buddha taught during his lifetime.
The Pali canon is also called the Tipitaka - literally “the three baskets” - because it contains three categories of teachings. The Sutta Pitaka, is a collection of sermons by the Buddha and his principle disciples. The Vinaya Pitaka is the rules and regulations of monastic life. The Abhidhamma Pitaka, or the “higher dhamma basket,” offers a philosophical analysis and detailed physical and psychological analysis and interpretation of Buddhist doctrine.